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The Mystery of Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England. It is a ring of standing stones, each weighing around 25 tons, with lintels on top. The monument is estimated to have been built around 2500 BCE, making it older than the pyramids of Egypt.

Purpose of Stonehenge

The purpose of Stonehenge is still a mystery. Many theories have been proposed, but none have been proven. Some believe that it was a place of worship, while others think that it was an astronomical observatory. It is also possible that it was a burial site for important people.

One of the most popular theories about Stonehenge is that it was a place of worship for the Druids, a group of Celtic priests. The Druids were known to worship the sun, moon, and stars, and Stonehenge aligns with the movements of these celestial bodies. Another theory is that Stonehenge was an astronomical observatory. The monument aligns with the summer solstice, and it is possible that it was used to predict the movement of the stars and planets.

Construction of Stonehenge

The construction of Stonehenge is a remarkable feat of engineering. The stones were quarried from a site 25 miles away and transported to the site using a system of sledges and rollers. The lintels were then placed on top of the stones using a complex system of joints and notches.

The builders of Stonehenge were able to move these massive stones without the use of modern technology, which is a testament to their ingenuity and skill. The construction of Stonehenge likely took place over a period of several hundred years, with different phases of construction and modifications being made over time.

Preservation of Stonehenge

Today, Stonehenge is a popular tourist attraction, with millions of visitors coming to see the monument every year. However, the site has also faced threats from erosion and human activity. In the past, visitors were allowed to climb on the stones and even chip off pieces as souvenirs.

Today, measures have been taken to preserve the monument, including limiting access to the stones and implementing a visitor center that provides information about the history and significance of Stonehenge.


Stonehenge is a fascinating monument that has captured the imagination of people for centuries. While we may never know the true purpose of Stonehenge, it remains a testament to the ingenuity and skill of our ancient ancestors. The preservation of Stonehenge is important to ensure that future generations can continue to appreciate and learn from this remarkable monument.

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